Bangalore Biriyani

View my step by step video


Throughout my 18 years of married life, I’ve heard people rave about Bangalore Biriyani. During this period, I’ve learned how to cook, mastered the art and even competed in culinary competitions. I can make a pretty mean Biriyani myself, it took years of perfecting and tastes pretty good but is different from a Bangalore style Biriyani.

This recipe is almost always made with the most tender mutton that is cooked together with ginger, garlic, chillies, fried onions, spices and yogurt, layered with long grain Basmati and is prepared in large pots for special occasions and weddings. I think if you didn’t serve Bangalore Biriyani at a typical Muslim wedding, your guests would be pretty darned upset.

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Every time we visit Bangalore, I’ve had the chance to eat this Biriyani, but it was only till my trip in 2015 did I decide to corner my sister-in-law in her kitchen and document the entire process armed with a video camera. The ingredients are almost identical to the ones I use in my Biriyani, but the process varies. I noticed that my sister-in-law used a heavier hand with most of the ingredients oil, ghee & spices and the end result is fairly different from my usual Biriyani but oh so delicious! Follow the ingredient list below, but also play the video to watch the entire process.

This Biriyani was prepared in a large batch to feed a huge group of family and friends but feel free to try this out in a smaller batch. There are two ways to cook the Biriyani in it’s final stage – on the stove top or in the oven. Personally, I will always choose the oven for it’s even heat but if you are going to attempt cooking it on the stove top, be sure to protect the base of your dish with another pan or tava, to reduce the impact of the direct heat as the rice at the bottom of the vessel could burn.



Bangalore Biriyani

Prep Time: 1 hour

Cook Time: 1 hour

Total Time: 2 hours

Yield: 20

Bangalore style Biriyani - This recipe is almost always made with the most tender mutton that is cooked together with ginger, garlic, chillies, fried onions, spices and yogurt, layered with long grain Basmati and is prepared in large pots for special occasions and weddings. Read more at


  • Marinate the meat
  • 3 kgs or 6.5 lbs Mutton or Lamb shoulder cut in pieces
  • Turmeric
  • Red Chilli powder
  • Gravy
  • 3 cups Oil
  • 3 Cinnamon sticks
  • 10-12 Cardamoms and cloves
  • 8 cups sliced red Onions
  • 8 tsps Ginger & Garlic paste
  • 6-9 tsps red Chilli powder
  • 3-4 tsps Turmeric
  • 5 tsps Garam Masala
  • 6 cups sliced Tomatoes
  • 18 green Chillies slit horizontally
  • 1/2 + 1/4 cup chopped Coriander leaves
  • 1/4 cup Lemon juice
  • 3 - 4 tbsp salt or to taste
  • 3 cups stirred Yogurt
  • 1 1/2 cup Ghee
  • 3 - 4 sliced fried Potatoes (half cooked)
  • 1/2 + 1/4 cup chopped Mint
  • Fried onions
  • Yellow food colouring
  • Rice
  • 19 cups Basmati rice soaked for 1 hr in water
  • Whole spices
  • 3 green Chillies
  • Marinate the meat for a few hours or overnight


  1. In a large cooking pot add the oil and when heated add all the whole spices followed by the onions and cook till golden brown
  2. Add the ginger and garlic paste, the chilli powder, turmeric and garam masala and mix
  3. Add the tomatoes, cover and cook till the tomatoes are mushy for about 10 mins
  4. Add the green slit chillies and 1/2 cup coriander and follow that with the meat
  5. Add the lemon juice and salt and combine
  6. Follow this with the stirred yogurt and ghee
  7. Cover and cook for 15 mins before adding the half cooked potatoes
  8. Add mint, cover and cook for about 30 mins till the meat is tender
  9. In another pot add double the amount of water as the rice and bring to the boil together with salt, some whole spices and 3 green chillies
  10. Add the rice and cook till half done
  11. Drain and keep aside to drain
  12. In another large vessel, add a layer of rice, make a well in the center and add some meat in the well as well as a layer on top of the rice
  13. Add another layer of rice with another layer of the meat and gravy
  14. Also add more chopped coriander, mint and fried onions in between and on top of the final layer
  15. Also add some yellow food coloring at the top
  16. Seal the vessel with some foil, you can also use a wet cloth or dough to make the vessel airtight
  17. Use a pan or kadai under your vessel so the heat is not directly touching your vessel and cook for about 40 mins. You can also use the oven
  18. Mix the grains and meat together with a large fork and serve

Mutton Xacuti

View my step by step video

MuttonXauti_HNTXacuti conjures up memories of my Nana and her incredible cooking skills. Born in Goa, she raised 6 kids and many of them were still fairly young when my grandfather passed away. I never know what the names of the dishes were, but I always remember them being perfectly spiced and balanced with coconut or vinegar that is widely used in Goan cuisine.
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Unfortunately she passed before I developed my true passion for cooking and so I’m grateful for my friends like David D’souza who shares his love for Goan cuisine at Dusty’s Food Adventures for sharing these recipes so I can relive the memories and pass them down to my children.

This recipe is one of those things that looks incredibly complicated but when you break it down, it’s really quite straightforward. Although It’s spelled with an X it is pronounced Sha cuti and can be made with Chicken, Pork, beef Mutton or even just vegetables.

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I’m using red Kashmiri chillies in this recipe, these are favoured for their distinct red colour. If unavailable, you can substitute any other kind of dried red chillies.

The Kashmiri chilli is about 0.1 oz and 3 gms in weight. I will also be removing the stem and deseeding these chillies before I roast them together with other whole spices. I’m also using frozen fresh coconut and coconut oil. Coconut oil is very healthy and very on trend.

Mutton Xacuti


  • Ingredients
  • 10 red Kashmiri chillies, deseeded
  • 1/2 teaspoon cumin seeds
  • 1/2 teaspoon peppercorn
  • 1/2 teaspoon fennel seed
  • 5 cloves
  • 2 teaspoon poppy seeds
  • 2 tablespoon coriander seeds
  • 1 inch cinnamon
  • 2 cardamom
  • 1 star anise
  • 1/2 tsp turmeric
  • 8 garlic cloves
  • 1 cup coconut(can use frozen, just defrost it)
  • 2 red onions – one coarsely chopped and one medium dice
  • 1 tbsp tamarind soaked in water
  • 5 tbsps coconut oil
  • 2 pounds bone in mutton(lamb leg or shoulder)
  • Lemon
  • Salt


  1. Process
  2. Marinate the mutton with some lemon juice and salt
  3. Using a large pan, roast all of the whole spices and allow to cool
  4. In the same pan add the onions and garlic, roast and remove to cool
  5. Add the coconut and follow with 3 of the 5 tbsps of coconut oil, remove and cool
  6. Using a food processor, add all the whole and dry spices together with 1/2 tsp of turmeric and grind to a fine powder
  7. Add the onions and garlic and a little bit of water and blend
  8. Add the coconut and the melted oil and blend
  9. Repeat this process if required to get a smooth paste
  10. In a deep sauté pan or casserole, add two tbsps of coconut oil and sauté the second onion cut in a medium dice
  11. Add the spice paste or masala and fry for a minute
  12. Add the mutton
  13. Add some water to the food processor to free all the stuck on paste and add to the spice paste together with the soaked tamarind
  14. Cook for 40 mins covered, stirring frequently to prevent burning, add salt, a pinch of sugar and water as required
  15. Before serving, squeeze some lemon juice over the Xacuti to enhance the flavour!

Boneless Lamb Roast with Goat Cheese and Red Peppers

Watch step by step instructions

I’ve made a leg of lamb many times before, but when I learned how to make this at a course at George Brown Culinary, I fell in love with the simplicity of this recipe. Although cooking with a bone in has great advantages, a boneless roast can be stuffed, cooked and sliced to an elegant perfection.

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Boneless Roast Lamb
Lamb is often considered a spring time feast and this recipe with it’s medley of veggies is perfect to grace your table at Easter or any other celebration. It’s center of Goat cheese gives the lamb a wonderful tenderness.

Boneless Lamb Roast with Goat Cheese and Red Peppers


  • Ingredients
  • 1 boneless leg of lamb
  • Coarse Salt
  • Black crushed pepper
  • 1/2 onion chopped fine
  • 1 tsp finely minced garlic
  • 3 sprigs of Rosemary
  • 1/2 cup chopped Parsley
  • 3 springs of Thyme
  • 150 gms Goat cheese
  • 2 tsps each Whole grain and Dijon Mustard
  • 1 cup chopped red pepper
  • Mirepoix of vegetables - onions, carrots, celery and red pepper
  • Olive oil


  1. Process
  2. Start with the filling, heat some Olive oil and sweat the onions
  3. Add the garlic and the red peppers followed by all the herbs
  4. Switch the flame off and add the cheese to melt
  5. If the cheese is not melting, switch the heat back on but be careful not to cook the herbs
  6. Add a tsp each of both the mustards and leave to cool
  7. Remove the net from the lamb leg and using a sharp knife, make horizontal cuts to butterfly it.
  8. Dry the lamb with a paper towel and sprinkle with salt and pepper and place it on a board, fat side down.
  9. Mix the other two mustard types together and spread some on the inside of the lamb
  10. Once the filling is cooled, spread it all over the lamb and roll it up
  11. Using butcher's string or twine, truss the roast (see video)
  12. Using the remaining mustard, spread it all over the lamb, cover with cling wrap and marinate
  13. Heat your oven to 450 degrees and heat your roasting pan and add the lamb to it.
  14. Cook it for 25 mins, then reduce the temp to 350 and add the mirepoix of vegetables to it
  15. For medium well, cook for 45 mins and well done for 90 mins